Source code for

import sys
from collections import defaultdict

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

from ..dimension import dimension_name
from ..util import isscalar, unique_array, unique_iterator
from .interface import DataError, Interface
from .multipath import MultiInterface, ensure_ring
from .pandas import PandasInterface

[docs]class SpatialPandasInterface(MultiInterface): base_interface = PandasInterface datatype = 'spatialpandas' multi = True types = ()
[docs] @classmethod def loaded(cls): return 'spatialpandas' in sys.modules
[docs] @classmethod def applies(cls, obj): if not cls.loaded(): return False is_sdf = isinstance(obj, cls.data_types()) if 'geopandas' in sys.modules and 'geoviews' not in sys.modules: import geopandas as gpd is_sdf |= isinstance(obj, (gpd.GeoDataFrame, gpd.GeoSeries)) return is_sdf
@classmethod def data_types(cls): from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries return (GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries, cls.array_type()) @classmethod def array_type(cls): from spatialpandas.geometry import GeometryArray return GeometryArray @classmethod def series_type(cls): from spatialpandas import GeoSeries return GeoSeries @classmethod def frame_type(cls): from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame return GeoDataFrame @classmethod def geo_column(cls, data): col = 'geometry' stypes = cls.series_type() if col in data and isinstance(data[col], stypes): return col cols = [c for c in data.columns if isinstance(data[c], stypes)] if not cols: raise ValueError('No geometry column found in spatialpandas.GeoDataFrame, ' 'use the PandasInterface instead.') return cols[0] @classmethod def init(cls, eltype, data, kdims, vdims): from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame if kdims is None: kdims = eltype.kdims if vdims is None: vdims = eltype.vdims if isinstance(data, cls.series_type()): data = data.to_frame() if 'geopandas' in sys.modules: import geopandas as gpd if isinstance(data, gpd.GeoSeries): data = data.to_frame() if isinstance(data, gpd.GeoDataFrame): data = GeoDataFrame(data) if isinstance(data, list): if 'shapely' in sys.modules: data = from_shapely(data) if isinstance(data, list): data = from_multi(eltype, data, kdims, vdims) elif isinstance(data, cls.array_type()): data = GeoDataFrame({'geometry': data}) elif not isinstance(data, cls.frame_type()): raise ValueError(f"{cls.__name__} only support spatialpandas DataFrames.") elif 'geometry' not in data: cls.geo_column(data) index_names = data.index.names if isinstance(data, pd.DataFrame) else [] if index_names == [None]: index_names = ['index'] for kd in kdims+vdims: kd = dimension_name(kd) if kd in data.columns: continue if any(kd == ('index' if name is None else name) for name in index_names): data = data.reset_index() break return data, {'kdims': kdims, 'vdims': vdims}, {} @classmethod def validate(cls, dataset, vdims=True): dim_types = 'key' if vdims else 'all' geom_dims = cls.geom_dims(dataset) if len(geom_dims) != 2: raise DataError('Expected %s instance to declare two key ' 'dimensions corresponding to the geometry ' 'coordinates but %d dimensions were found ' 'which did not refer to any columns.' % (type(dataset).__name__, len(geom_dims)), cls) not_found = [ for d in dataset.dimensions(dim_types) if d not in geom_dims and not in] if not_found: raise DataError("Supplied data does not contain specified " "dimensions, the following dimensions were " "not found: %s" % repr(not_found), cls) @classmethod def dtype(cls, dataset, dimension): dim = dataset.get_dimension(dimension, strict=True) if dim in cls.geom_dims(dataset): col = cls.geo_column( return[col].dtype.subtype return[].dtype @classmethod def has_holes(cls, dataset): from spatialpandas.geometry import ( MultiPolygon, MultiPolygonDtype, Polygon, PolygonDtype, ) col = cls.geo_column( series =[col] if not isinstance(series.dtype, (MultiPolygonDtype, PolygonDtype)): return False for geom in series: if isinstance(geom, Polygon) and len( > 1: return True elif isinstance(geom, MultiPolygon): for p in if len(p) > 1: return True return False @classmethod def holes(cls, dataset): holes = [] if not len( return holes col = cls.geo_column( series =[col] return [geom_to_holes(geom) for geom in series]
[docs] @classmethod def select(cls, dataset, selection_mask=None, **selection): xdim, ydim = cls.geom_dims(dataset) selection.pop(, None) selection.pop(, None) df = if not selection: return df elif selection_mask is None: selection_mask = cls.select_mask(dataset, selection) indexed = cls.indexed(dataset, selection) df = df[selection_mask] if indexed and len(df) == 1 and len(dataset.vdims) == 1: return df[dataset.vdims[0].name].iloc[0] return df
[docs] @classmethod def select_mask(cls, dataset, selection): return cls.base_interface.select_mask(dataset, selection)
@classmethod def geom_dims(cls, dataset): return [d for d in dataset.kdims + dataset.vdims if not in] @classmethod def dimension_type(cls, dataset, dim): dim = dataset.get_dimension(dim) return cls.dtype(dataset, dim).type
[docs] @classmethod def isscalar(cls, dataset, dim, per_geom=False): """ Tests if dimension is scalar in each subpath. """ dim = dataset.get_dimension(dim) if (dim in cls.geom_dims(dataset)): return False elif per_geom: return all(isscalar(v) or len(list(unique_array(v))) == 1 for v in[]) dim = dataset.get_dimension(dim) return len([].unique()) == 1
@classmethod def range(cls, dataset, dim): dim = dataset.get_dimension(dim) geom_dims = cls.geom_dims(dataset) if dim in geom_dims: col = cls.geo_column( idx = geom_dims.index(dim) bounds =[col].total_bounds if idx == 0: return (bounds[0], bounds[2]) else: return (bounds[1], bounds[3]) else: return cls.base_interface.range(dataset, dim) @classmethod def groupby(cls, dataset, dimensions, container_type, group_type, **kwargs): geo_dims = cls.geom_dims(dataset) if any(d in geo_dims for d in dimensions): raise DataError("SpatialPandasInterface does not allow grouping " "by geometry dimension.", cls) return cls.base_interface.groupby(dataset, dimensions, container_type, group_type, **kwargs) @classmethod def aggregate(cls, columns, dimensions, function, **kwargs): raise NotImplementedError @classmethod def sample(cls, columns, samples=None): if samples is None: samples = [] raise NotImplementedError @classmethod def reindex(cls, dataset, kdims=None, vdims=None): return
[docs] @classmethod def shape(cls, dataset): return (cls.length(dataset), len(dataset.dimensions()))
@classmethod def sort(cls, dataset, by=None, reverse=False): if by is None: by = [] geo_dims = cls.geom_dims(dataset) if any(d in geo_dims for d in by): raise DataError("SpatialPandasInterface does not allow sorting " "by geometry dimension.", cls) return cls.base_interface.sort(dataset, by, reverse)
[docs] @classmethod def length(cls, dataset): from spatialpandas.geometry import MultiPointDtype, Point col_name = cls.geo_column( column =[col_name] geom_type = cls.geom_type(dataset) if not isinstance(column.dtype, MultiPointDtype) and geom_type != 'Point': return cls.base_interface.length(dataset) length = 0 for geom in column: if isinstance(geom, Point): length += 1 else: length += (len(geom.buffer_values)//2) return length
@classmethod def nonzero(cls, dataset): return bool(len( @classmethod def redim(cls, dataset, dimensions): return cls.base_interface.redim(dataset, dimensions) @classmethod def add_dimension(cls, dataset, dimension, dim_pos, values, vdim): data = geom_col = cls.geo_column( if dim_pos >= list(data.columns).index(geom_col): dim_pos -= 1 if not in data: data.insert(dim_pos,, values) return data @classmethod def iloc(cls, dataset, index): from spatialpandas import GeoSeries from spatialpandas.geometry import MultiPointDtype rows, cols = index geom_dims = cls.geom_dims(dataset) geom_col = cls.geo_column( scalar = False columns = list( if isinstance(cols, slice): cols = [ for d in dataset.dimensions()][cols] elif np.isscalar(cols): scalar = np.isscalar(rows) cols = [dataset.get_dimension(cols).name] else: cols = [dataset.get_dimension(d).name for d in index[1]] if not all(d in cols for d in geom_dims): raise DataError("Cannot index a dimension which is part of the " "geometry column of a spatialpandas DataFrame.", cls) cols = list(unique_iterator([ columns.index(geom_col) if c in geom_dims else columns.index(c) for c in cols ])) if not isinstance([geom_col].dtype, MultiPointDtype): if scalar: return[rows[0], cols[0]] elif isscalar(rows): rows = [rows] return[rows, cols] geoms =[geom_col] count = 0 new_geoms, indexes = [], [] for i, geom in enumerate(geoms): length = int(len(geom.buffer_values)/2) if np.isscalar(rows): if count <= rows < (count+length): idx = (rows-count)*2 data = geom.buffer_values[idx:idx+2] new_geoms.append(type(geom)(data)) indexes.append(i) break elif isinstance(rows, slice): if rows.start is not None and rows.start > (count+length): continue elif rows.stop is not None and rows.stop < count: break start = None if rows.start is None else max(rows.start - count, 0)*2 stop = None if rows.stop is None else min(rows.stop - count, length)*2 if rows.step is not None: dataset.param.warning(".iloc step slicing currently not supported for" "the multi-tabular data format.") sliced = geom.buffer_values[start:stop] if len(sliced): indexes.append(i) new_geoms.append(type(geom)(sliced)) else: sub_rows = [v for r in rows for v in ((r-count)*2, (r-count)*2+1) if count <= r < (count+length)] if sub_rows: indexes.append(i) idxs = np.array(sub_rows, dtype=int) new_geoms.append(type(geom)(geom.buffer_values[idxs])) count += length new =[indexes].copy() new[geom_col] = GeoSeries(new_geoms) return new
[docs] @classmethod def values(cls, dataset, dimension, expanded=True, flat=True, compute=True, keep_index=False): dimension = dataset.get_dimension(dimension) geom_dims = dataset.interface.geom_dims(dataset) data = isgeom = (dimension in geom_dims) geom_col = cls.geo_column( is_points = cls.geom_type(dataset) == 'Point' if isgeom and keep_index: return data[geom_col] elif not isgeom: if is_points: return data[].values return get_value_array(data, dimension, expanded, keep_index, geom_col, is_points) elif not len(data): return np.array([]) geom_type = cls.geom_type(dataset) index = geom_dims.index(dimension) geom_series = data[geom_col] if compute and hasattr(geom_series, 'compute'): geom_series = geom_series.compute() return geom_array_to_array(geom_series.values, index, expanded, geom_type)
[docs] @classmethod def split(cls, dataset, start, end, datatype, **kwargs): from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries from ...element import Polygons objs = [] if not len( return [] xdim, ydim = cls.geom_dims(dataset) value_dims = [dim for dim in dataset.kdims+dataset.vdims if dim not in (xdim, ydim)] row =[0] col = cls.geo_column( geom_type = cls.geom_type(dataset) if datatype is not None: arr = geom_to_array(row[col], geom_type=geom_type) d = {(, arr} d.update({ row[] for dim in value_dims}) ds = dataset.clone(d, datatype=['dictionary']) holes = cls.holes(dataset) if cls.has_holes(dataset) else None for i, row in if datatype is None: gdf = GeoDataFrame({c: GeoSeries([row[c]]) if c == 'geometry' else [row[c]] for c in}) objs.append(dataset.clone(gdf)) continue geom = row[col] gt = geom_type or get_geom_type(, col) arr = geom_to_array(geom, geom_type=gt) d = { arr[:, 0], arr[:, 1]} d.update({ row[] for dim in value_dims}) if datatype in ('dictionary', 'columns'): if holes is not None: d[Polygons._hole_key] = holes[i] d['geom_type'] = gt objs.append(d) continue = d if datatype == 'array': obj = ds.array(**kwargs) elif datatype == 'dataframe': obj = ds.dframe(**kwargs) else: raise ValueError(f"{datatype} datatype not support") objs.append(obj) return objs
@classmethod def dframe(cls, dataset, dimensions): if dimensions: return[dimensions] else: return
[docs] @classmethod def as_dframe(cls, dataset): return
[docs]def get_geom_type(gdf, col): """Return the HoloViews geometry type string for the geometry column. Args: gdf: The GeoDataFrame to get the geometry from col: The geometry column Returns: A string representing the type of geometry """ from spatialpandas.geometry import ( LineDtype, MultiLineDtype, MultiPointDtype, MultiPolygonDtype, PointDtype, PolygonDtype, RingDtype, ) column = gdf[col] if isinstance(column.dtype, (PointDtype, MultiPointDtype)): return 'Point' elif isinstance(column.dtype, (LineDtype, MultiLineDtype)): return 'Line' elif isinstance(column.dtype, (PolygonDtype, MultiPolygonDtype)): return 'Polygon' elif isinstance(column.dtype, RingDtype): return 'Ring'
[docs]def geom_to_array(geom, index=None, multi=False, geom_type=None): """Converts spatialpandas geometry to an array. Args: geom: spatialpandas geometry index: The column index to return multi: Whether to concatenate multiple arrays or not Returns: Array or list of arrays. """ from spatialpandas.geometry import ( Line, MultiPoint, MultiPolygon, Point, Polygon, Ring, ) if isinstance(geom, Point): if index is None: return np.array([[geom.x, geom.y]]) arrays = [np.array([geom.y if index else geom.x])] elif isinstance(geom, (Polygon, Line, Ring)): exterior =[0] if isinstance(geom, Polygon) else arr = np.array(exterior.as_py()).reshape(-1, 2) if isinstance(geom, (Polygon, Ring)): arr = ensure_ring(arr) arrays = [arr if index is None else arr[:, index]] elif isinstance(geom, MultiPoint): if index is None: arrays = [np.array(geom.buffer_values).reshape(-1, 2)] else: arrays = [np.array(geom.buffer_values[index::2])] else: arrays = [] for g in exterior = g[0] if isinstance(geom, MultiPolygon) else g arr = np.array(exterior.as_py()).reshape(-1, 2) if isinstance(geom, MultiPolygon): arr = ensure_ring(arr) arrays.append(arr if index is None else arr[:, index]) if geom_type != 'Point': arrays.append([[np.nan, np.nan]] if index is None else [np.nan]) if geom_type != 'Point': arrays = arrays[:-1] if multi: return arrays elif len(arrays) == 1: return arrays[0] else: return np.concatenate(arrays)
[docs]def geom_array_to_array(geom_array, index, expand=False, geom_type=None): """Converts spatialpandas extension arrays to a flattened array. Args: geom: spatialpandas geometry index: The column index to return Returns: Flattened array """ from spatialpandas.geometry import MultiPointArray, PointArray if isinstance(geom_array, PointArray): return geom_array.y if index else geom_array.x arrays = [] multi_point = isinstance(geom_array, MultiPointArray) or geom_type == 'Point' for geom in geom_array: array = geom_to_array(geom, index, multi=expand, geom_type=geom_type) if expand: arrays.extend(array) if not multi_point: arrays.append([np.nan]) else: arrays.append(array) if expand: if not multi_point: arrays = arrays[:-1] return np.concatenate(arrays) if arrays else np.array([]) else: array = np.empty(len(arrays), dtype=object) array[:] = arrays return array
def geom_length(geom): from spatialpandas.geometry import MultiLine, MultiPolygon, Polygon, Ring if isinstance(geom, Polygon): offset = 0 exterior =[0] if exterior[0] != exterior[-2] or exterior[1] != exterior[-1]: offset = 1 return len(exterior)//2 + offset elif isinstance(geom, (MultiPolygon, MultiLine)): length = 0 for g in offset = 0 if isinstance(geom, MultiLine): exterior = g else: exterior = g[0] if exterior[0] != exterior[-2] or exterior[1] != exterior[-1]: offset = 1 length += (len(exterior)//2 + 1) + offset return length-1 if length else 0 else: offset = 0 exterior = geom.buffer_values if isinstance(geom, Ring) and (exterior[0] != exterior[-2] or exterior[1] != exterior[-1]): offset = 1 return len(exterior)//2
[docs]def get_value_array(data, dimension, expanded, keep_index, geom_col, is_points, geom_length=geom_length): """Returns an array of values from a GeoDataFrame. Args: data: GeoDataFrame dimension: The dimension to get the values from expanded: Whether to expand the value array keep_index: Whether to return a Series geom_col: The column in the data that contains the geometries is_points: Whether the geometries are points geom_length: The function used to compute the length of each geometry Returns: An array containing the values along a dimension """ column = data[] if keep_index: return column all_scalar = True arrays, scalars = [], [] for i, geom in enumerate(data[geom_col]): length = 1 if is_points else geom_length(geom) val = column.iloc[i] scalar = isscalar(val) if scalar: val = np.array([val]) if not scalar and len(unique_array(val)) == 1: val = val[:1] scalar = True all_scalar &= scalar scalars.append(scalar) if not expanded or not scalar: arrays.append(val) elif scalar: arrays.append(np.full(length, val)) if expanded and not is_points and not i == (len(data[geom_col])-1): arrays.append(np.array([np.nan])) if not len(data): return np.array([]) if expanded: return np.concatenate(arrays) if len(arrays) > 1 else arrays[0] elif (all_scalar and arrays): return np.array([a[0] for a in arrays]) else: array = np.empty(len(arrays), dtype=object) array[:] = [a[0] if s else a for s, a in zip(scalars, arrays)] return array
[docs]def geom_to_holes(geom): """Extracts holes from spatialpandas Polygon geometries. Args: geom: spatialpandas geometry Returns: List of arrays representing holes """ from spatialpandas.geometry import MultiPolygon, Polygon if isinstance(geom, Polygon): holes = [] for i, hole in enumerate( if i == 0: continue hole = ensure_ring(np.array(hole.as_py()).reshape(-1, 2)) holes.append(hole) return [holes] elif isinstance(geom, MultiPolygon): holes = [] for poly in poly_holes = [] for i, hole in enumerate(poly): if i == 0: continue arr = ensure_ring(np.array(hole.as_py()).reshape(-1, 2)) poly_holes.append(arr) holes.append(poly_holes) return holes elif 'Multi' in type(geom).__name__: return [[]]*len(geom) else: return [[]]
[docs]def to_spatialpandas(data, xdim, ydim, columns=None, geom='point'): """Converts list of dictionary format geometries to spatialpandas line geometries. Args: data: List of dictionaries representing individual geometries xdim: Name of x-coordinates column ydim: Name of y-coordinates column columns: List of columns to add geom: The type of geometry Returns: A spatialpandas.GeoDataFrame version of the data """ from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries from spatialpandas.geometry import ( Line, LineArray, MultiLineArray, MultiPointArray, MultiPolygonArray, Point, PointArray, Polygon, PolygonArray, Ring, RingArray, ) from ...element import Polygons if columns is None: columns = [] poly = any(Polygons._hole_key in d for d in data) or geom == 'Polygon' if poly: geom_type = Polygon single_array, multi_array = PolygonArray, MultiPolygonArray elif geom == 'Line': geom_type = Line single_array, multi_array = LineArray, MultiLineArray elif geom == 'Ring': geom_type = Ring single_array, multi_array = RingArray, MultiLineArray else: geom_type = Point single_array, multi_array = PointArray, MultiPointArray array_type = None hole_arrays, geom_arrays = [], [] for geom in data: geom = dict(geom) if xdim not in geom or ydim not in geom: raise ValueError('Could not find geometry dimensions') xs, ys = geom.pop(xdim), geom.pop(ydim) xscalar, yscalar = isscalar(xs), isscalar(ys) if xscalar and yscalar: xs, ys = np.array([xs]), np.array([ys]) elif xscalar: xs = np.full_like(ys, xs) elif yscalar: ys = np.full_like(xs, ys) geom_array = np.column_stack([xs, ys]) if geom_type in (Polygon, Ring): geom_array = ensure_ring(geom_array) splits = np.where(np.isnan(geom_array[:, :2].astype('float')).sum(axis=1))[0] split_geoms = np.split(geom_array, splits+1) if len(splits) else [geom_array] split_holes = geom.pop(Polygons._hole_key, None) if split_holes is not None: if len(split_holes) != len(split_geoms): raise DataError('Polygons with holes containing multi-geometries ' 'must declare a list of holes for each geometry.', SpatialPandasInterface) else: split_holes = [[ensure_ring(np.asarray(h)) for h in hs] for hs in split_holes] geom_arrays.append(split_geoms) hole_arrays.append(split_holes) if geom_type is Point: if len(splits) > 1 or any(len(g) > 1 for g in split_geoms): array_type = multi_array elif array_type is None: array_type = single_array elif len(splits): array_type = multi_array elif array_type is None: array_type = single_array converted = defaultdict(list) for geom, arrays, holes in zip(data, geom_arrays, hole_arrays): parts = [] for i, g in enumerate(arrays): if i != (len(arrays)-1): g = g[:-1] if len(g) < (3 if poly else 2) and geom_type is not Point: continue if poly: parts.append([]) subparts = parts[-1] else: subparts = parts subparts.append(g[:, :2]) if poly and holes is not None: subparts += [np.array(h) for h in holes[i]] for c, v in geom.items(): converted[c].append(v) if array_type is PointArray: parts = parts[0].flatten() elif array_type is MultiPointArray: parts = np.concatenate([sp.flatten() for sp in parts]) elif array_type is multi_array: parts = [[ssp.flatten() for ssp in sp] if poly else sp.flatten() for sp in parts] else: parts = [np.asarray(sp).flatten() for sp in parts[0]] if poly else parts[0].flatten() converted['geometry'].append(parts) if converted: geometries = converted['geometry'] if array_type is PointArray: geometries = np.concatenate(geometries) geom_array = array_type(geometries) if poly: geom_array = geom_array.oriented() converted['geometry'] = GeoSeries(geom_array) else: converted['geometry'] = GeoSeries(single_array([])) return GeoDataFrame(converted, columns=['geometry']+columns)
[docs]def to_geom_dict(eltype, data, kdims, vdims, interface=None): """Converts data from any list format to a dictionary based format. Args: eltype: Element type to convert data: The original data kdims: The declared key dimensions vdims: The declared value dimensions Returns: A list of dictionaries containing geometry coordinates and values. """ from . import Dataset xname, yname = ( for kd in kdims[:2]) if isinstance(data, dict): data = {k: v if isscalar(v) else _asarray(v) for k, v in data.items()} return data new_el = Dataset(data, kdims, vdims) if new_el.interface is interface: return new_dict = {} for d in new_el.dimensions(): if d in (xname, yname): scalar = False else: scalar = new_el.interface.isscalar(new_el, d) vals = new_el.dimension_values(d, not scalar) new_dict[] = vals[0] if scalar else vals return new_dict
[docs]def from_multi(eltype, data, kdims, vdims): """Converts list formats into spatialpandas.GeoDataFrame. Args: eltype: Element type to convert data: The original data kdims: The declared key dimensions vdims: The declared value dimensions Returns: A GeoDataFrame containing in the list based format. """ from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame xname, yname = ( for kd in kdims[:2]) new_data, types, geom_types = [], [], [] for d in data: types.append(type(d)) new_dict = to_geom_dict(eltype, d, kdims, vdims, SpatialPandasInterface) if 'geom_type' in new_dict and new_dict['geom_type'] not in geom_types: geom_types.append(new_dict['geom_type']) new_data.append(new_dict) if not isinstance(new_data[-1], dict): types[-1] = type(new_data[-1]) if len(set(types)) > 1: raise DataError('Mixed types not supported') if new_data and types[0] is GeoDataFrame: data = pd.concat(new_data) else: columns = [ for d in kdims+vdims if d not in (xname, yname)] if len(geom_types) == 1: geom = geom_types[0] else: geom = SpatialPandasInterface.geom_type(eltype) data = to_spatialpandas(new_data, xname, yname, columns, geom) return data
[docs]def from_shapely(data): """Converts shapely based data formats to spatialpandas.GeoDataFrame. Args: data: A list of shapely objects or dictionaries containing shapely objects Returns: A GeoDataFrame containing the shapely geometry data. """ from shapely.geometry.base import BaseGeometry from spatialpandas import GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries if not data: pass elif all(isinstance(d, BaseGeometry) for d in data): data = GeoSeries(data).to_frame() elif all(isinstance(d, dict) and 'geometry' in d and isinstance(d['geometry'], BaseGeometry) for d in data): new_data = {col: [] for col in data[0]} for d in data: for col, val in d.items(): new_data[col].append(val if isscalar(val) or isinstance(val, BaseGeometry) else np.asarray(val)) new_data['geometry'] = GeoSeries(new_data['geometry']) data = GeoDataFrame(new_data) return data
def _asarray(v): """Convert input to array First it tries with a normal `np.asarray(v)` if this does not work it tries with `np.asarray(v, dtype=object)`. The ValueError raised is because of an inhomogeneous shape of the input, which raises an error in numpy v1.24 and above. Reason why it is not located in holoviews.core.util is that there is a already a function called `asarray`. """ try: return np.asarray(v) except ValueError: return np.asarray(v, dtype=object) Interface.register(SpatialPandasInterface)